Monthly Archives: May 2010

Dongtan: the “east beach” eco-town that never was

Dongtan is a highly planned eco-town in China, to deal with the challenges of significant population growth and rapid urbanisation. It is situated on the island of Chongming in the Yangtze Delta.  It features as a case study on the Homes & Communities Agency’s website.  The focus is on low consumption, low-energy connectivity (car-free, emphasis on pedestrian paths, cycling, public transport, and vehicles powered by renewable energy sources), renewable energy, reduced waste to landfill, biodiversity, and ecological management (to protect wetlands, natural landscapes, and existing ecologies. The aim was to create a thriving, sustainable city providing local employment opportunities (thereby avoiding the creation of a “dormitory city”) and local agriculture within the city boundaries.

The Chinese government appointed engineering consultancy ARUP to design and manage the project.

However, nothing has happened with respect to the project. Significant concern had been raised over destruction of the wetlands and threats to endangered species. The site was cleared, farmers and local residents were moved off the land. The bridge between the island and Shanghai is nearing completion. A podcast on Ethical Corporation’s website notes that subsequent presentations of the project stated that cars would be allowed on the land. It has the sense of being a property play – the sustainability credentials having been touted to encourage investment and support from local communities in order to push existing residents of the land and freeing it for unfettered commercial development. This is a case study not for sustainable communities best practice, but rather the opposite.

From spiked-online.com:

In five years, practically nothing constructive has happened. The site has been cleared, the farmers and peasants moved off the land, and large areas prepared – but, as one observer puts it, ‘no construction has occurred there – indeed it’s gone backwards, as a visitor centre previously built is now shut’. All references to it have been removed from both the Shanghai Expo’s website as well as Arup’s.

Admittedly, a multi-million dollar bridge from the island to Shanghai is nearing completion, which ought to open up the Dongtan region for development, but fingers are being pointed at a range of suspects for the collapse of the overall project: the corruption of local politicians, the use of challenging technologies, lapsed planning permissions, or the greed of major international consultancies that were riding in on the Chinese urban goldrush with little regard for practical niceties.

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The Battle for Broadway Market (Nov 2005 – Feb 2006)

I went to a screening last night as part of the Reveal Kings Cross festival. Programmed and presented in collaboration with Birkbeck Film Society, the Building Cultures Film screening and discussion reflect and question the relationship between art, activism, urban regeneration and gentrification.

The highlight of the screening was the Battle for Broadway Market, a film produced and directed by Emily James.  The film recounts events that took place between November 2005 and February 2006 on Broadway Market in Hackney.  Broadway Market is a street lined with shops, cafés, pubs, and flats above the shops.  Many of these buildings used to be owned by Hackney Council and were let to local residents and shop owners.  The market street was suffering from decline in the 1990s, but in 2004, volunteers from the Broadway Market Traders’ and Residents’ Association revived the Saturday market.  The street started to show signs of gentrification and attracted property developers.  Many of the council-owned properties were sold to developers rather than to the business owners that had invested significant amounts of time, energy, and spirit into providing goods and services to the local community.  The Battle for Broadway Market details the ousting of one such business owner, Tony Platia and the Francesca’s Café at 34 Broadway Market.

Comprehensive history and updates on libcom.org:  Articles and Forum (28 November 2005)

Hackney Gets Ripped Off Again, last updated July 2005, by Arthur Shuter

The Re-Occupation on Mute, 5 January 2006

Paul Kingsnorth, for the Ecologist, March 2006

The Eelzine, Issue 3

East London Local: Tony’s Juice Stall, 10 July 2009

Unfortunately the protest website http://34broadwaymarket.omweb.org/ is no longer operating.

Please share your stories about gentrification in your neighbourhood.  I’d like to hear about the successes and learn from the mistakes.  I have some ideas about how to prevent or reverse this trend.  What are your suggestions?